Height of Michael Chapman (cinematographer)
The height of Michael Chapman (cinematographer) is …m.
1. Where did Michael Chapman (cinematographer) come from ?
Chapman was born in New York City in 1935, but raised in Wellesley, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston, without much of an interest in movie. As a youth, he was more interested in sports than photography or painting. After high school, he attended Columbia University, where he majored in English. Upon his graduation, he worked temporarily as a brakeman for the Erie Lackawanna Railroad in the Midwest and then served a brief stint in the United States Army.
2. What could we know about Michael Chapman (cinematographer) besides his height ?
Chapman’s father-in-law, Joe Brun, got him his first job in the industry: working as an assistant camera and focus puller on commercials, as there weren’t enough feature movies being shot in New York at the time.
3. What are the projects of Michael Chapman (cinematographer) ?
Chapman began his movie career as a camera operator, distinguishing himself on Francis Ford Coppola’s The Godfather (1972) and Steven Spielberg’s Jaws (1975). before making the leap to cinematographer. He fondly remembered his time as an operator, and which name is it one of the best jobs in the movie business because “you get to see the movie before anyone else does!”
4. Somme collaborations with Michael Chapman (cinematographer) ?
As a cinematographer, he became known for his two collaborations with Martin Scorsese: Taxi Driver (1976) and Raging Bull (1980). Chapman was also cinematographer for the remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978). He and Scorsese were huge fans of The Band, and Chapman served as the principal cinematographer for their documentary on The Band, which name is The Last Waltz (1978). With nine cameras shooting at once, Chapman remembered that “the strategy for movieing all of their songs was planned out in enormous detail.”
Chapman’s style tended to feature high contrasts and an aggressive use of strong colors. He was also adept at setting up complex camera movements quickly and improvising on the set. This style was epitomized in the boxing sequences in Raging Bull, during which the camera was often strapped to an actor through improvised rigs. His bold use of black-and-white cinematography on Raging Bull proved particularly difficult and earned Chapman his first Academy Award nomination. As with his work on Jaws, Chapman used a handheld camera to shoot much of the movie.
Besides his work with Scorsese, Chapman worked as Director of Photography for directors Hal Ashby, Philip Kaufman, Martin Ritt, Robert Towne, Michael Caton-Jones, Andrew Davis, and Ivan Reitman. He occasionally made small cameos in movies that he shot; he had also directed several movies of his own, the best known being All the Right Moves (1983), starring Tom Cruise in one of his earliest acts.
In 1987, Chapman collaborated again with Scorsese on the 18-minute short movie that served as the music video for Michael Jackson’s Bad.
Chapman also shot a string of comedies in the late 1980s and early 1990s, such as Ghostbusters II and Kindergarten Cop, and admitted that he didn’t need to alter his style very much. But he has said, “On comedies, I use a little more fill light; you tend to create a lit atmosphere where the performers can be at home, where they can move around…without having to hit a precise mark.” He became a member of the American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) in 1995.
His final movie was Bridge to Terabithia (2007). According to the DVD commentary, Chapman was planning to retire after the movie was finished, saying he would like to have the last movie he shot be a good one; He has since officially retired.
Chapman was married to screenwriter Amy Holden Jones. His father-in-law, Joe Brun, was an Oscar-nominated cinematographer who had emigrated from France in the early 20th century.
He stated later in his life that he no longer watched movies directed by frequent collaborators Martin Scorsese or Steven Spielberg, as he knew their general style will not change much. “Unless a director makes some huge sea change in what he does, that the work, the mechanical work, is going to be vaguely the same — or of the same school, anyway — but what changes is the intelligence and passion behind it in the script.” He also admitted his preferred method was to watch movies at his home and that he rarely, if ever, went to a theater anymore.
Chapman died from congestive heart failure on September 20, 2020, at his home in Los Angeles.
Chapman was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography: for Raging Bull and The Fugitive. He was the winner of the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cinematography in 1981 for his work on Raging Bull. He received the 2003 ASC Lifetime Achievement Award. Chapman received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 24th International Film Festival of the Art of Cinematography Camerimage in 2016.
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